Different
faces of violence

Law Maria da Penha describes physical and psychological violence, as well as moral, sexual and economic violence. These forms of aggression are complex, perverse, do not occur isolated from each other and have serious consequences for women. Any of them is an act of violation of human rights and must be denounced.

Empty my eyes
and condemn me
to everlasting darkness...
- from which I, more than ever,
from the slime of my soul,
will rise up lucid,
roaring against everything:
Enough! Enough! Enough!

Noémia de Sousa,
poet

1. Physical

Violence

Understood as any conduct that offends the integrity or bodily health of a woman.
  • Beatings
  • Throwing objects, shaking and squeezing the arms
  • Strangulation or suffocation
  • Injury with sharp or cutting objects
  • Injury caused by burns or firearms
  • Torture
  • Threats
  • Limitation of the right to come and go
  • Persistent persecution
  • Embarrassment
  • Humiliation
  • Manipulation
  • Isolation (prohibiting her from leaving home, studying and traveling or talking to friends and relatives)
  • Constant monitoring
  • Insults
  • Blackmail
  • Exploration
  • Subjecting to ridicule
  • Taking away the freedom of belief

2.Psychological

Violence

Considered as any behavior that: causes emotional damage and diminishes self- esteem; harms and disrupts the full development of a woman; or aims to degrade or control her actions, behaviors, beliefs, and decisions.

3.Sexual

Violence

Any conduct that compels a woman to witness, maintain or participate in unwanted sexual intercourse through intimidation, threat, coercion or use of force.
  • Rape
  • Forcing a woman to perform sexual acts that cause discomfort or disgust (fetishes)
  • Prevent the use of contraceptive methods or force the woman to abort
  • Forcing marriage, pregnancy or prostitution through coercion, blackmail, bribery or manipulation
  • Limit or nullify the exercise of women's sexual and reproductive rights
  • Theft, extortion or damage
  • Control her money
  • Failure to pay alimony
  • Destruction of personal documents
  • Larceny
  • Depriving a woman of assets, values or economic resources
  • Intentionally causing damage to objects that belong to the woman or which she likes

4. Economic

Violence

Understood as any conduct that entails retention, subtraction, partial or total destruction of objects, work instruments, personal documents, property, values, and economic rights or resources, including those intended to meet her needs.

5.Moral

Violence

Any conduct that constitutes calumny, defamation or libel.
  • Trying to tarnish a woman's reputation
  • Issue moral judgments about her conduct
  • Make up lies
  • Exposing intimate life
  • Distort and omit facts to leave the woman in doubt about her memory and sanity
  • Lower the woman by means of scolding about her moral character
  • Devalue the victim because of her way of dressing
A culture of violence and discrimination

Whether in the public or private sphere, abuses against women occur in many ways. Sentences like “Only sluts use red lipstick”; “Woman should not drink”; "If she wore that skirt on the street, she was asking for it”; “Woman who have sex on the first date is not fit to marry”; “A woman's place is in the kitchen”; “Not all women like a beating, only the normal ones”, among many others, create a cultural panorama of a patriarchal society that legitimizes, promotes and silences violence against women.

Changing this mentality and fighting gender stereotypes is one way to deal with this kind of aggression and making it clear that it is no longer acceptable. #ItsTimeToStop the violence.

“I also knew about a violence practiced almost invisibly, which is the prejudice against women, the disrespect that opens the way to more severe and serious acts against us. Despite our achievements, even though we do not have the best opportunities, still often they say that we are inferior, and this continues to appear in public comments, jokes, lyrics, movies or publicity pieces. They say that we are bad drivers, that we like to be beaten, that we should restrict ourselves to cooking, to bed or to shadows.”

Maria da Penha
Excerpt from the book Sobrevivi... posso contar